Ruins of Sweetheart Abbey
The Early Kirkconnell Generations
|Flourished 1235 -
|| William Fitz de Kirkconnell
||Michael de Kirkconnell
||Andrew de Kirkconnell
||Thomas of Kirkconnell
||homage to Edward I
||died August 17,1424 in Normandy when an English army
annihilated ten thousand Galloway Troops. He left his daughter all.
||Married 1430 to Ayer de Maxwell brother of Herbert, First Lord
||The Mediaeval Kirkconnells
Kirkconnell lairds were Anglo-Norman extraction according to P. H. McKerkie's History
of the Lands and their owners in Galloway. The inhabitants had been partially
Romanized up to A.D. 400, overlain thereafter by Gaelic-speaking immigrants from Ireland
and a Norse domination in the 12th century. The feudal system was introduced
in the 12th century reign of David I (1124-1153) but remained under native lords Fergus,
his sons Uchtred and Gilbert, grandsons Duncan and Roland, and great-grandson Alan - as
tributaries of the Scottish Crown. After Alan's death in 1234, the present Stewartry of
Kirkcudbright passed into the hands of his Anglo_Norman son-in-law, John de Balliol of
Barnard, and a revolt of the native Celtic gentry was but down by Balliol's overlord, King
Alexander II of Scotland.
The first document showing the name of a laid of Kirkconnell was sighed about A.D. 1235
by William fitz Michael de Kirkeconeual. The form of the name is Anglo-Norman.
The coat of arms of the Kirkconnell's is in keeping with their notable early devotion
to the Church and with the Great Abbey built on their estate - not to mention the
far more ancient "kirk of Saint Connell" from which the estate and family names
are derived. In the top half is a miter and in the bottom half two croziers in the
saltaire adorse, crossed back to back, all on an azure field.
The family motto is;
Numquam non paratus.
This information was taken from the
by Watson Kirkconnell
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